Today, March 12 , 18, was published the Norm ISO 45001: 2018 – Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems – Requirements with guide for use .
The new standard, discussed by representatives of more than 70 countries (Brazil did not participate) for 5 years, provides a set of processes to prevent occupational risks, reduce accidents / injuries / diseases and improve health and safety at work in chains of global supplies.
As part of ISO 45001 publishing initiatives , ISO has dedicated the latest issue of its ISOfocus journal to the theme, and launched a social networking campaign to raise awareness of the standard (campaign # ISO45001 , March 12-16).
The ISO 45001 standard will replace OHSAS 18001 and similar standards widely adopted in the gap of an ISO standard since the 1990s. The organizations certified in the OHSAS 18001 standard will have the three-year term to migrate to the new standard before OHSAS 18001 be revoked in March 2021.
There is no official ABNT definition on the translation / adoption of this standard.
Impact of injuries / diseases and occupational accidents
Data referenced by ISO , published by the ILO in 2017 reported 2.78 million of fatal occupational accidents per year (7700 deaths per day, one death every 15 seconds), and 374 million injuries / nonfatal diseases annually (153 people experience an injury every 15 seconds), about 500,000 more injuries than three years ago. The UN estimates that the direct and indirect total cost of these injuries and deaths was about 4 percent of GDP (about $ 3 trillion), and the economic impact of failure to invest in occupational health and safety is almost equal to the combined GDP of the world’s 130 poorest countries !!!!
Changes to ISO 45001
The new Standard has the same common elements of ISO management system standards (eg ISO 9001 and ISO 14001), which facilitates the integration of systems.
With respect to the OHSAS 18001 model, the main novelties of Norma are:
- remodeling of the PDCA of the standard, in line with the other standards of Management Systems;
- process-based approach, no longer necessarily in procedures;
- approach to risks and opportunities in the management system as a whole;
- greater emphasis on the leadership and strategic context of the organization, as well as on stakeholder needs and expectations;
- strengthening the process of employee participation and consultation;
- strengthening of change management requirements;
- reinforcement of the hierarchy of controls, stimulating the most preventive;
- greater emphasis on management of contractors, third parties / outsourced processes and acquisition of goods and services;
- change of emphasis from monitoring and measurement to the assessment of OSH performance, including assessment of compliance with legal and other requirements
- strengthening of the process of critical analysis by Senior Management and continuous improvement
Key benefits of adopting ISO 45001
- occupational risk reduction
- reduction of injuries / injury diseases
- improvement in OSH performance;
- improved ability to respond to legal compliance issues;
- reduction of the total cost of incidents and insurance premiums;
- contribution to improving the organizational and moral climate, as well as reducing absenteeism and turnover;
- recognition of compliance with an international OSH standard;
- contribution to the improvement of the organization’s image and reputation.
Actions to implement and obtain ISO 45001 certification
– Engage Senior Management and managers with regard to the OSH Management System;
– Evaluate the gaps in the OSH Management System against the new standard (which, for organizations certified by OHSAS 18001, will certainly involve new items such as “organization context”, stakeholders, risks and opportunities, leadership, etc.), with qualified professionals;
– Develop an action plan compatible with their needs;
– Develop / update the necessary processes, surveys, documentation, criteria, rules and practices, according to the action plan, and implement the new requirements and changes;
– Train and educate the leadership and employees about the new requirements;
– Perform the internal audit considering the new standard as a criterion, with qualified auditors;
– Perform the critical analysis by the Senior Management according to the new requirements;
– Address eventual nonconformities , observations or opportunities for improvement, arising from the process of performance evaluation, auditing and critical analysis;
– Agree with the certifying body the certification / migration process for the new standard (including timing and duration / method of the audit), and perform the necessary audits.
Michel Epelbaum – Director of Ellux Consultoria